Advancing Spiritual Care Through Research

Development of a Spiritual Screening Tool for Children and Adolescents

A chaplain’s ability to provide care where it is most needed depends upon some method of pastoral triage. Screening for spiritual needs of children and adolescents has been a largely neglected area. A Delphi panel developed elements to be included in a tool to screen 10-18 year olds’ spiritual needs and resources. The Delphi panelists were informed of survey results of school-aged children and adolescents’ opinions on spiritual issues important to them if they were hospitalized. A case study of the tool’s use was conducted with a convenient sample of children and adolescents. Subsequent pilot use of the tool by five pediatric chaplains demonstrated the tool’s utility in identifying patients’ spiritual issues, ability to serve as a springboard to deeper discussion, and as a basis for initiating discussion of spiritual concerns with other disciplines on the healthcare team. Feedback indicates the potential clinical usefulness of this tool for hospitalized children and adolescents.