Advancing Spiritual Care Through Research

The Role of Spirituality and Religious Coping in the Quality of Life of Patients with Advanced Cancer Receiving Palliative Radiation Therapy

Objectives: National palliative care guidelines outline spiritual care as a domain of palliative care, yet patients’ religiousness and/or spirituality (R/S) are underappreciated in the palliative oncology setting. Among patients with advanced cancer receiving palliative radiation therapy (RT), this study aims to characterize patient spirituality, religiousness, and religious coping; examine the relationships of these variables to quality of life (QOL); and assess patients’ perceptions of spiritual care in the cancer care setting. Methods: This is a multisite, cross-sectional survey of 69 patients with advanced cancer (response rate 73%) receiving palliative RT. Scripted interviews assessed patient spirituality, religiousness, religious coping, QOL (McGill QOL Questionnaire), and perceptions of the importance of attention to spiritual needs by health providers. Multivariable models assessed the relationships of patient spirituality and R/S coping to patient QOL, controlling for other significant predictors of QOL. Results: Most participants (84%) indicated reliance on R/S beliefs to cope with cancer. Patient spirituality and religious coping were associated with improved QOL in multivariable analyses ( 10.57, P .001 and 1.28, P .01, respectively). Most patients considered attention to spiritual concerns an important part of cancer care by physicians (87%) and nurses (85%). Limitations: Limitations include a small sample size, a cross-sectional study design, and a limited proportion of nonwhite participants (15%) from one US region. Conclusion: Patients receiving palliative RT rely on R/S beliefs to cope with advanced cancer. Furthermore, spirituality and religious coping are contributors to better QOL. These findings highlight the importance of spiritual care in advanced cancer care.